Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Household Arts/Cooking - Advanced
- 1 1. Have the Cooking Honor.
- 2 2. How many cups make a quart? (How many mls to make a liter?) How many tablespoons to a cup? How many teaspoons to a tablespoon?
- 3 3. Prepare two main casserole dishes using macaroni, noodles, beans, or rice.
- 4 4. Prepare two different vegetable casserole dishes.
- 5 5. Prepare two kinds of salad. How are salads kept crisp?
- 6 6. Know the difference in food value between whole milk, lowfat milk, and non-dairy milk.
- 7 7. Prepare a balanced breakfast using the food pyramid guide.
- 8 8. Prepare a vegetarian entree dish.
- 9 9. Plan menus for one week, choosing at least three dishes in which leftovers may be used.
- 10 10. Prepare a balanced meal using a vegetarian entree, a vegetable casserole, and a salad.
- 11 11. Know several reasons why vinegar is unhealthful.
- 12 12. What does caffeine do to the body? List five foods that contain caffeine.
- 13 13. Have 25 recipes of personally-prepared dishes, not more than five of which are candies or desserts.
1. Have the Cooking Honor.
2. How many cups make a quart? (How many mls to make a liter?) How many tablespoons to a cup? How many teaspoons to a tablespoon?
- There are 4 cups in a quart.
- There are 1000 milliliters in a liter.
- There are 16 tablespoons in a cup.
- There are 3 teaspoons in a tablespoon.
3. Prepare two main casserole dishes using macaroni, noodles, beans, or rice.
- Some of the hundreds of options include
- Black beans and rice
- Baked ziti
- Spaghetti with marinara or mushroom sauce
- Macaroni bake
- Baked beans
- Some of my favorite recipes
Black beans and rice
- Boil rice following box/bag directions. Set aside.
- Open 2 cans of black beans. Heat
- Microwave 1 C. of frozen peas until done al dente (2-3 minutes)
- Chop one small tomato.
- Layer rice and beans in casserole dish.
- Garnish with peas and chopped tomato. Lightly salt to taste.
- Boil 1 bag pasta according to box directions
- Spread 1 can marinara sauce over pasta. Lightly toss.
- Spread prepared pasta in casserole dish (8 x 12).
- Sprinkle Parmesan cheese over top. Bake at 400 degrees for 30 minutes in a covered casserole dish.
- Serve hot.
- Boil two boxes of macaroni following boxed directions. Drain the macaroni while its still a little bit al dente (somewhat uncooked).
- Toss with cheese packet as the directions instruct.
- Place prepared macaroni in 8 x 12 casserole dish.
- Cover with shredded cheese (1/4 cup)
- Cover with foil and bake at 350 for two hours. Uncover for the last 15 minutes so that the surface becomes lightly browned.
- Serve hot.
Vegetarian Baked Beans
- 2 large cans of Vegetarian baked beans
- 1 small onion, finely chopped. Saute these in water until done.
- (opt.) 3 T. green pepper, finely chopped. Saute with onion.
- Mix together with beans.
- Pour into casserole dish.
- 4-8 fake bacon strips (Stripples) microwaved until heated through.
- Place these strips on top of the bean mix.
- Bake on low for 2 hours covered with foil.
4. Prepare two different vegetable casserole dishes.
5. Prepare two kinds of salad. How are salads kept crisp?
Basic Mixed Greens Salad: 1 large salad bowl 1/2 head looseleaf lettuce or 1 lb. bag mixed salad greens 1-2 tomatoes baby carrots (as many as desired, may be divided or shredded) 1 can black olives, sliced (opt.) 4 oz of cheese, chopped in squares OR shredded parmesan or mozerella cheese
Salad dressing of choice
Fruit Salad: 1 can each of-- Pears Peaches Pineapple Mixed fruit
garnish with dried cranberries and/or walnuts as desired
Mix together, serve chilled. Garnish with cranberries/walnuts just prior to serving.
6. Know the difference in food value between whole milk, lowfat milk, and non-dairy milk.
Whole milk is 3.7% fat by weight. One cup of whole milk has about 160 calories and 1/3 of the saturated fat needed in a day's diet. For children and others who need a lot of calories to fuel their day (such as athletes and people with non-sedentary jobs) whole milk is an excellent option.
Low-fat milk is 2%, 1%, or skim (0%) fat by weight. One cup of milk has 80 to 120 calories. Most adults live a sedentary lifestyle and thus should avoid whole milk in most circumstances. Instead, most adults should choose 1% or skim milk. Even though the calorie difference is only 40-60 calories, the difference in fat content (.4 gram for skim to 9 grams for whole milk) is significant. The majority of Americans' diets already contain an abundance of fat, well above the recommended daily allowance.
7. Prepare a balanced breakfast using the food pyramid guide.
The food pyramid guide is updated every five years and published by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). The 2010 version is shown here:
Following the food pyramid helps ensure that a person gets a balanced and varied diet.
The values in the table below are for children who are physically active for 60 minutes or more per day. Use the USDA website for adults and for less active children.
|Food Group||Grains||Vegetables||Fruits||Milk||Meat & Beans|
|10 year-old Male||7 oz||3 cups||2 cups||3 cups||6 ounces|
|10 year-old Female||6 oz||2.5 cups||2 cups||3 cups||5.5 ounces|
|11 year-old Male||7 oz||3 cups||2 cups||3 cups||6 ounces|
|11 year-old Female||6 oz||2.5 cups||2 cups||3 cups||5.5 ounces|
|12 year-old Male||8 oz||3 cups||2 cups||3 cups||6.5 ounces|
|12 year-old Female||7 oz||3 cups||2 cups||3 cups||6 ounces|
|13 year-old Male||9 oz||3.5 cups||2 cups||3 cups||6.5 ounces|
|13 year-old Female||7 oz||3 cups||2 cups||3 cups||6 ounces|
|14 year-old Male||10 oz||3.5 cups||2.5 cups||3 cups||7 ounces|
|14 year-old Female||8 oz||3 cups||2 cups||3 cups||6.5 ounces|
|15 year-old Male||10 oz||5 cups||2.5 cups||3 cups||7 ounces|
|15 year-old Female||8 oz||3 cups||2 cups||3 cups||6.5 ounces|
8. Prepare a vegetarian entree dish.
10. Prepare a balanced meal using a vegetarian entree, a vegetable casserole, and a salad.
11. Know several reasons why vinegar is unhealthful.
There is very little written these days about vinegar's unhealthfulness.
However, back in the 1800's Ellen White wrote:
Letter 9, 1887 -- EGW states "The salads are prepared with oil and vinegar, fermentation takes place in the stomach, and the food does not digest, but decays or putrefies; as a consequence, the blood is not nourished, but becomes filled with impurities, and liver and kidney difficulties appear."
So that we see that vinegar is not the only condiment to which mentions dietary caution, there are several other statements in which she mentions that pickles, chili, mustard, spices, and other condiments are also unhealthful. "Condiments are injurious in their nature. Mustard, pepper, spices, pickles, and other things of a like character irritate the stomach and make the blood feverish and impure." MH 325
However, her general principal seems to be "In this fast age, the less exciting the food, the better." MH 325 While we may ask "so what wrong with a little bit of _____ in our food" the answer is NOT a salvation answer, but rather a matter of healthy choice: Do I NEED that _____________ in order to digest/enjoy my food? In many cases we may find that the answer is "No, not really."
In fact, if we in general simplify our diet, we may find ourselves healthier & happier than we did before!
12. What does caffeine do to the body? List five foods that contain caffeine.
Caffeine is a mild stimulant to the central nervous system. It is not addictive, though it can be habit forming. When caffeine intake is stopped abruptly, some individuals can experience headache, fatigue or drowsiness. Age and body size can make a difference in effect. A child or a smaller person may feel caffeine's effects more strongly than an adult or a heavier, taller person. A cup of strongly brewed coffee or tea has more caffeine than a weakly brewed cup.
Here is a list of some foods that contain caffeine:
- Caffeinated Coffee
- Some Soft drinks
- Some Root Beer
- Some Teas
- Kola Nuts
13. Have 25 recipes of personally-prepared dishes, not more than five of which are candies or desserts.
Here is where you get to be creative! Scan recipe books in your family kitchen, at your grandparents home, or maybe even the library.
What are some of your favorite recipes from your churches' potluck / fellowship lunch? Maybe you could ask the people who cook those recipes to share them with you!
Many Adventist Book Centers offer a complete line of recipe books that show you how to prepare healthy but yummy dishes. Some of our favorites are "Choices" and "More Choices." Both of these books offer recipes with vegetarian and vegan options.
Organize your 25 recipes in a recipe box or book. Your local retailer will have several options to choose from.
Some Categories of recipes:
- Side Dishes
Note: One of the most successful "rules of thumb" for collecting truly successful recipes for YOU is: Does my refrigerator and pantry USUALLY contain the majority of ingredients in the recipe. That way, you can make the recipe when YOU feel like it, without making a last minute trip to the grocery store!