Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Outreach/Sanctuary (General Conference)

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1. Name the three main parts of the sanctuary and the court yard.

The court, the Holy Place and the Most Holy Place.

a. Tell what was in each part.

  • The Court: The Altar of Sacrifice, the Laver
  • Holy Place: Table of Shewbread, Seven-branched Lampstand, Altar of Incense
  • Most Holy Place: - Ark of Covenant, Mercy Seat, Cherubim

b. Tell what each piece of furniture represents.

  • Altar of Sacrifice: Jesus's sacrifice
  • Laver: Cleansing from sin, form of Baptism
  • Table of Shewbread: Jesus, Bread of Life
  • Seven-branched Lampstand: Jesus, Light of the world (Oil=Holy Spirit)
  • Altar of Incense: Prayers ascending to Heaven, intercession & merits of Christ
  • Ark of Covenant: The presence of God (10 Commandments - Christ the end of the law)
  • Mercy Seat: Meeting Place
  • Cherubim: God's attributes

2. Draw a scale model of the sanctuary, the court yard and the position of all the furnishings. (Remember to add N, S, E, W)

3. How many coverings were over the sanctuary?

Four (4)

a. List the type of coverings in the order from inside to outside.

1. Inner royal liner: Covering was made of red, blue, purple linens. Angels were embroidered in gold throughout the fabric

2. Goat's hair: bleached white

3. Ram's skin: dyed red

4. Badger's skin: plain and brown

b. Tell what each covering represented.

1. Inner royal liner represents Jesus. Red represents Christ's life. Blue represents His obedience. Purple represents royalty. Gold represents purity.

2. Woven goat's hair represents Jesus' perfection and purity.

3. The ram's skin dyed red represents the blood of Jesus.

4. The badger's skin represents Jesus covered His divinity with humanity.

4. The following colors were used in the sanctuary and in the priests clothing. Tell what each color represented.

a. Red: Christ's blood (Hebrews 9:11,12)

b. Blue: Obedience (Numbers 15:38,39)

c. Purple: Royalty (Matthew 27:28,29)

d. White: Righteousness, Purity (Revelation 19:8)

e. Black: Sin (1 John 1:5)

f. Gold: Divinity in Heaven (Job 22:25)

g. Silver: Longing Desire (John 4:34)

h. Brass: Divinity on Earth (Philippians 2:5-8 - Fully God, and Fully Man - Amalgamated)

5. Discuss and memorize 1 John 1:9, Daniel 8:14, and Exodus 25:8.

1 John 1:9: "If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness."

Daniel 8:14: "And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shalt the sanctuary be cleansed."

Exodus 25:8: "And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them."

6. The priests were from which of the 12 tribes? Why?

They were from the tribe of Levi. They had refused to bow down and worship the golden calf.

7. Describe the robe of:

a. The common priest.

Wore linen breeches as an undergarments. The garments were woven of one piece, spotless, without any blemish. All the regular priests wore a plain, white linen robe and turban. And always removed their sandals before entering the Sanctuary. (Exodus 28 and 39)

b. The high priest.

First, like all priests he wore linen breeches as an undergarments. The garments were woven of one piece, spotless, without any blemish. Next to the undergarment, he wore an embroidered linen coat, again woven of one piece of fabric. The coat was decorated with embroidery. The coat was tied with an embroidered girdle. Over this the High Priest wore a one-piece sleeveless solid blue robe. On the hem of the blue robe hung tinkling little golden bells and bright pomegranates.

The ephod, was worn outside the blue robe - a shorter garment of gold, blue, purple and scarlet, and fine twined linen. The ephod was fastened at the shoulders with two onyx stones, on each were engraved the names of the six of the tribes of Israel. On the ephod the High Priest wore a breastplate made of two pieces of fabric fastened together. In the breastplate, next to the heart of the High Priest, were two onyx stones called the Urim and the Thummim, through which God made know His will.

On the outside of the breastplate were 12 precious stones. They were arranged in one row under another in four rows of three. Their sequence, from left to right and from top to bottom were: sardis (brownish red), topaz (yellow to yellowish red), carbuncle (red), emerald (clear green), sapphire (deep blue), diamond (sparkling clear), jacinth (bright yellow), agate (delicate blue), amethyst (violet), beryl (green-yellow), onyx (bright yellow), jasper (red, brown, or yellow).

On his head, a mitre or crown, fastened to the forefront of it with a ribbon of blue, was a plate of pure gold on which was engraved the inscription 'HOLINESS TO THE LORD' (Exodus 28 and 39)

8. Read and discuss The Great Controversy page 488 and Hebrews 4:14-16.

The Great Controversy: "The subject of the sanctuary and the investigative judgment should be clearly understood by the people of God. All need a knowledge for themselves of the position and work of their great High Priest. Otherwise it will be impossible for them to exercise the faith which is essential at this time or to occupy the position which God designs them to fill. Every individuals has a soul to save or to lose. Each has a case pending at the bar of God. Each must meet the great Judge face to face. How important, then that every mind contemplate often the solemn scene when the judgment shall sit and the books shall be opened, when, with Daniel, every individual must stand in his lot, at the end of days.

All who have received the light upon these subjects are to bear testimony of the great truths which God has committed to them. The sanctuary in heaven is the very center of Christ's work in behalf of men. It concerns every soul living upon the earth. It opens to view the plan of redemption, bringing us down to the very close of time and revealing the triumphant issue of the contest between righteousness and sin. It is of the utmost importance that all should thoroughly investigate these subjects and be able to give an answer to everyone that asketh them a reason of the hope that is in them."

Hebrews 4:14-16: "14.Therefore, since we have a great high priest who has gone through the heavens,Jesus the Son of God, let us hold firmly to the faith we profess. 15.For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are—yet was without sin. 16.Let us then approach the throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need."

9. What kinds of animals were brought daily to the courtyard?

Young Bull, rams, heifers, lambs, goats, pigeon/dove. All were ceremonially clean. Gentleness, without spot or blemish (John 1:29)

10. Write a paragraph or tell how you see Christ represented in the sanctuary and its services.