The NAD Team has come up with a list of honors that can possibly be earned at home during the COVID-19 shut-down.
Check it out!
El liderazgo de la División Norteamericana he creado una lista de especialidades que posiblemente se pueden desarrollar en casa durante la cuarentena del COVID-19.
¡Búsquelo aquí!

Difference between revisions of "Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Percheron"

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{{Infobox Horse
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|name =Percheron
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|image=Pair_of_percherons.jpg
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|image_caption=A team of dapple gray Percheron horses
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|features = Agile draft horse breed. Mostly grey or black with a fine coat. Clean-limbed, powerful and docile.
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|altname=
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|nickname=
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|country= France
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|group1=Percheron Horse Association of America
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|std1=http://www.percheronhorse.org
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|group2=British Percheron Horse Society
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|std2=http://www.percheron.org.uk
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|}} 
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The '''Percheron''' is a breed of powerful rugged [[draft horse]]s that originated in the Perche region of France. It gets its name from the [[Perche]] valley in the north of France. 
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==History==
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Like many old breeds, the Percheron's exact origins are unknown, but it is said that its ancestors were crossbred between the heavy "forest horse" type of animal native to northern [[Europe]] and the [[Arabian horse|Arabians]] that were brought to Europe by the [[Moors]]. Percherons probably owe their size and weight to their use as [[Horses in warfare|battle mounts]] during the [[Middle Ages]]. After the invention of gunpowder, heavy warhorses were no longer needed, so the Percheron took up its new job pulling heavy French [[stagecoach]]es. With the invention of the railroad, Percherons switched to farm duty and heavy labor.  
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| name = Percheron
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| image2 = Percheron 1 stehend links.jpg
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The Percheron is a breed of powerful rugged draft horses that originated in the Perche valley in northern France.
  
It is probably because of this evolution that the modern Percheron is such a versatile and adaptable horse. Today, Percherons serve as logging horses but also are valued as pleasure driving horses, riding horses, and as competitors in both regular [[horse show]]s and in [[draft horse showing]].
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Percherons are noted for heavy muscling and for an aspect of ruggedness and power. Also characteristic of the Percheron is clean action and quality conformation of the feet and legs. The mane is thick, though the tail is usually cut short. The breed is close coupled, wide and deep through the chest, with plenty of back rib. The muscles of the forearms, croup and gaskins are especially emphasized in a good drafter, and ease and balance of gait is essential. The horse is also expected to be of good temperament and be an easy keeper.
  
==Conformation==
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[[Image:PercheronDraftHorse.jpg|thumb|left|Percheron draft horse at the Maryland State Fair]]
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The Percheron head and neck is typical of the correct draft horse. Good Percherons have a large and full prominent eye, a broad and full forehead, and straight face. A wide jaw and refined ears attractively set and carried with animation are visible evidence of the Percheron's Arabian ancestry.
Percherons are noted for heavy muscling and for an aspect of ruggedness and power.  Also characteristic of the Percheron is clean action and quality conformation of the feet and legs.  The [[mane (horse)|mane]] is thick, though the tail is usually cut short. The breed is close coupled, wide and deep through the chest, with plenty of back rib. The muscles of the forearms, croup and gaskins  are especially emphasized in a good drafter, and ease and balance of gait is essential.  The horse is also expected to be of good temperament and be an easy keeper.  
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The Percheron head and neck is typical of the correct draft horse. Good Percherons have a large and full prominent eye, a broad and full forehead, and straight face. A wide jaw and refined ears attractively set and carried with animation are visible evidence of the Percheron's [[Arabian horse|Arabian]] ancestry. Stallions should have a ruggedness about the head and mares should have a feminine look. The neck is well-shaped and powerful
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The Percheron has a very pleasing disposition, and is proud, alert, and intelligent. They are generally very gentle horses, well-suited for driving, and are strong and willing workers. They have the strength to pull heavy loads and the graceful style to pull a fine carriage. Percherons can be ridden and some have even been trained to jump.
  
Percherons have [[withers]] well defined, a short back, a deep girth, long, somewhat level croup, big, well-rounded hip, and powerful muscling in the lower thigh.
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Percherons range in height from 15 to 19 hands high, most are between 16-2 and 17-3 hands high. They can weigh up to 2,600 pounds with the average around 1,900.  
  
In recent years, modern show Percherons have been bred for a longer, thinner neck, a longer back, and longer, smoother-looking muscles. These types of modern percherons are used mainly as show horses for competition.
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Percherons are generally black or gray.  
  
==Temperament==
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The Percheron has a very pleasing disposition, and is proud, alert, and intelligent. They are generally very gentle horses, well-suited for driving, and are strong and willing workers. The Percheron is readily adapted to varying climates and conditions. They have the strength to pull heavy loads and the graceful style to pull a fine carriage. Percherons can be ridden and some have even been trained to jump.
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==Color==
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Percherons are generally [[black (horse)|black]] or [[Gray (horse)|gray]].  Some registries only accept those two colors, though [[Chestnut (coat)|chestnut]], [[Sorrel (horse)|sorrel]], and [[Bay (horse)|bay]] colors are acceptable for registration in the US with a [[Genetic fingerprinting|DNA test]] confirming their parentage.  Gray and black are produced by [[dominant gene]]s.  The red gene for chestnut is recessive, and a red foal can only result from the mating of two black horses if they are [[heterozygous]], having the red gene present in both sire and dam, and even then it is only a one in four chance that a chestnut will be produced. ''(See [[equine coat color genetics]])'' 
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[[Category:Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book|{{SUBPAGENAME}}]]
 
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Some Percherons have white [[horse markings|markings]] on the head and feet, but excessive white is undesirable.
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==Height and weight==
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Percherons range in height from 15 to 19 hands high, most are between 16-2 and 17-3 hands high. They can weigh up to 2,600 pounds with the average around 1,900. One of the tallest horses on record was a Percheron named Dr Le Gear.  Foaled in 1902, he stood 23 [[Hand (unit)|hands]] (7 feet) at the withers and weighed just under 1,370 kg. However, there was once a Percheron on record that rose to a full 24 hands.
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==History==
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A Percheron horse was being showed at a state fair at the Giants Stadium on June 23 2007. It was 2,878 lbs. 10  ft length, 20 hands 6'8" in height and it was from Iowa.
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==External links==
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{{commons|Percheron|Percheron}}
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*[http://www.percheron-france.org Societe hippique Percheronne de France]
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*[http://www.percheronhorse.org Percheron Horse Association of America]
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*[http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/horses/percheron/index.htm Oklahoma State University's Percheron Page]
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*[http://www.percheron.org.uk British Percheron Horse Society]
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[[Category:Horse breeds]]
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[[de:Percheron]]
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[[es:Percherón]]
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[[fr:Percheron]]
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[[ja:ペルシュロン]]
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[[pl:Perszeron]]
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[[fi:Perchenhevonen]]
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Latest revision as of 07:22, 9 May 2018


Percheron

Description: The Percheron is a breed of powerful rugged draft horses that originated in the Perche valley in northern France.

Percherons are noted for heavy muscling and for an aspect of ruggedness and power. Also characteristic of the Percheron is clean action and quality conformation of the feet and legs. The mane is thick, though the tail is usually cut short. The breed is close coupled, wide and deep through the chest, with plenty of back rib. The muscles of the forearms, croup and gaskins are especially emphasized in a good drafter, and ease and balance of gait is essential. The horse is also expected to be of good temperament and be an easy keeper.

The Percheron head and neck is typical of the correct draft horse. Good Percherons have a large and full prominent eye, a broad and full forehead, and straight face. A wide jaw and refined ears attractively set and carried with animation are visible evidence of the Percheron's Arabian ancestry.

The Percheron has a very pleasing disposition, and is proud, alert, and intelligent. They are generally very gentle horses, well-suited for driving, and are strong and willing workers. They have the strength to pull heavy loads and the graceful style to pull a fine carriage. Percherons can be ridden and some have even been trained to jump.

Percherons range in height from 15 to 19 hands high, most are between 16-2 and 17-3 hands high. They can weigh up to 2,600 pounds with the average around 1,900.

Percherons are generally black or gray.
PercheronDraftHorse.jpg
Percheron 1 stehend links.jpg