Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Recreation/Knot Tying

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1. Define the following terms:

a. Bight
The part of the rope or line, between the end and the standing part, on which a knot is formed
b. Running end
The free end of the rope, usually shorter. This is the end of the rope in which a knot is being tied.
c. Standing part
The part of the rope between the Running end and the Standing end (the end that doesn't move, think of it as if someone is holding it)
d. Underhand loop
A loop formed by passing the running end of a line under the standing part.
e. Overhand loop
A loop formed by passing the running end of a line over the standing part.
f. Turn
g. Bend
h. Hitch
i. Splice
j. Whipping

2. Know how to care for rope.

3. Describe the difference between laid rope and braided rope and list three uses of each.

4. Identify the following types of rope:

a. Manila
b. Sisal
c. Nylon
d. Polypropylene

5. What are some advantages and disadvantages of synthetic rope?

6. Do the following to rope:

a. Splice

b. Eye splice

c. Back splice

d. Finish the end of a rope with a double crown, whipping, or a Matthew Walker's knot.

7. Make a six-foot piece of three-strand twisted rope from native materials or twine.

8. From memory tie at least 20 of the following knots and know their common uses and limitations. Demonstrate how they are used.

Anchor bend

Bowline

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Bowline on a bight

Butterfly loop knot or Alpine Butterfly knot

Carrick bend

Cat's paw

Clove hitch

Clove hitch
Knot clove.jpg

Use: This knot is the "general utility" hitch for when you need a quick, simple method of fastening a rope around a post, spar or stake (like tying wicks to sticks in Candlemaking) or another rope (as in Macrame)

How to tie:

  1. Make a turn with the rope around the object and over itself.
  2. Take a second turn with the rope around the object.
  3. Pull the end up under the second turn so it is between the rope and the object. Tighten by pulling on both ends.

Constrictor knot

Crown knot

Double bow

Double sheet bend

Figure eight

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Fisherman's bend

Fisherman's loop

Halter hitch

Hunter's bend

Lariat or Bowstring knot

Lark's head

Man harness knot

Miller's knot

Packer's knot

Pipe hitch

Prusik knot

Sheepshank

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Sheet bend

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Slip knot

Slipped half hitch

Slipped sheet bend

Square knot

Square Knot
Knot square.jpg

Use: Also known as a Reef knot, the Square Knot is easily learned and useful for many situations. It is most commonly used to tie two lines together at the ends. This knot is used at sea in reefing and furling sails. It is used in first aid to tie off a bandage or a sling because the knot lies flat.

How to tie:

  1. Pass left end over and under right end.
  2. Curve what is now the left end toward the right and cross what is now the right end over and under the left.
  3. Draw up tight by pulling one end and line away from the other end and line.

WARNING: Do not rely on this knot to hold weight in a life or death situation. It has been known to fail.


Stevedore's knot

Strangle knot

Surgeon's knot

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Tautline hitch

Timber hitch

Two half hitches

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References