Difference between revisions of "Field Guide/Birds/Dryocopus pileatus"

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{{Taxobox
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{{Bird id
| color = pink
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| name = Pileated Woodpecker
 
| name = Pileated Woodpecker
| status = LC
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| latin_name = Dryocopus pileatus
| image = Woodpecker 20040529 151837 1c.jpeg
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| image_1 = Woodpecker 20040529 151837 1c.jpeg
| image_width = 250px
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| caption_1 = Pileated Woodpecker
| regnum = [[Animal]]ia
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| phylum = [[Chordate|Chordata]]
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| classis = [[bird|Aves]]
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| ordo = [[Piciformes]]
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| familia = [[Picidae]]
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| genus = ''[[Dryocopus]]''
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| species = '''''D. pileatus'''''
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| binomial = ''Dryocopus pileatus''
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| binomial_authority = ([[Carolus Linnaeus|Linnaeus]], [[1758]])
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| range_map = Pileated_Woodpecker-rangemap.gif
 
| range_map = Pileated_Woodpecker-rangemap.gif
| range_map_width = 250px
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| image_2 = Dryocopus_pileatusAAP063CA.jpg
}}
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| caption_2 = White wing linings
 +
| description = The '''Pileated Woodpecker''' (''Dryocopus pileatus'') is a very large North American woodpecker.
  
The '''Pileated Woodpecker''' (''Dryocopus pileatus'') is a very large [[North America]]n [[woodpecker]].
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Adults (40-49 cm long, 250-350 g weight) are mainly black with a red crest and a white line down the sides of the throat. Adult males have a red line from the bill to the throat and red on the front of the crown. In adult females, these are black. They show white on the wings in flight. The only North American birds of similar plumage and size are the Ivory-billed Woodpecker of the Southeastern United States and Cuba, and the related Imperial Woodpecker of Mexico. Both of those species are extremely rare, if not extinct.
  
Adults (40-49 cm long, 250-350 g weight) are mainly black with a red crest and a white line down the sides of the throat. Adult males have a red line from the bill to the throat and red on the front of the crown. In adult females, these are black. They show white on the wings in flight. The only North American birds of similar plumage and size are the [[Ivory-billed Woodpecker]] of the [[Southeastern United States]] and [[Cuba]], and the related [[Imperial Woodpecker]] of [[Mexico]]. Both of those species are extremely rare, if not [[extinct birds|extinct]].
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Their breeding habitat is forested areas with large trees across Canada, the eastern United States and parts of the Pacific coast. They usually excavate large nests in the cavities of dead trees, and often excavates a new home each year, creating habitat for other large cavity nesters.
 
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[[Image:Dryocopus_pileatusAAP063CA.jpg|left|150px|thumb|White wing linings]]
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Their breeding habitat is forested areas with large trees across [[Canada]], the eastern [[United States]] and parts of the [[Pacific]] coast. They usually excavate large nests in the cavities of dead trees, and often excavates a new home each year, creating habitat for other large cavity nesters.
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This bird is usually a permanent resident.
 
This bird is usually a permanent resident.
  
These birds mainly eat insects (especially [[beetle]] larvae and [[carpenter ant]]s) as well as fruits, berries and nuts. They often chip out large and roughly rectangular holes in trees while searching out insects.
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These birds mainly eat insects (especially beetle larvae and carpenter ants) as well as fruits, berries and nuts. They often chip out large and roughly rectangular holes in trees while searching out insects.
  
The call is a wild laugh, similar to the [[Northern Flicker]]. Its drumming can be very loud, often sounding like someone striking a tree with a [[hammer]]. This bird favors mature forests, but has adapted to use second-growth stands and heavily wooded parks as well.
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The call is a wild laugh, similar to the Northern Flicker. Its drumming can be very loud, often sounding like someone striking a tree with a hammer. This bird favors mature forests, but has adapted to use second-growth stands and heavily wooded parks as well.
  
The Pileated Woodpecker was the model for the cartoon character [[Woody Woodpecker]].
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* The pileated woodpecker is also commonly known in the south as an "Indian Hen"
 
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* The roost of a Pileated Woodpecker usually has multiple entrance holes.
{{Commons|Dryocopus pileatus}}
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* The sound that a Pileated Woodpecker makes when boring a hole in a tree is so loud that it can be heard over long distances.
 
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* Pileated Woodpeckers make such large holes in dead trees that sometimes the holes can cause a small tree to break in half.
== Interesting Pileated Woodpecker Facts ==
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* Pileated Woodpeckers have been observed to move their eggs which have fallen off the nest to another site. This is a rare habit in other birds.
 
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}}
The pileated woodpecker is also commonly known in the south as an "Indian Hen"<br/>
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The roost of a Pileated Woodpecker usually has multiple entrance holes.<br/>
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The sound that a Pileated Woodpecker makes when boring a hole in a tree is so loud that it can be heard over long distances.<br/>
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Pileated Woodpeckers make such large holes in dead trees that sometimes the holes can cause a small tree to break in half.<br/>
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Pileated Woodpeckers have been observed to move their eggs which have fallen off the nest to another site. This is a rare habit in other birds.
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==References==
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* {{IUCN2006|assessors=BirdLife International|year=2004|id=47403|title=Dryocopus pileatus|downloaded=11 May 2006}} Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
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* Interesting Pileated Woodpecker Facts donated by [http://www.birdhouses101.com/pileated-woodpecker.asp BirdHouses101.com]
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* [http://listserv.arizona.edu/cgi-bin/wa?A2=ind0002c&L=birdchat&P=9281 Birdchat archives]--lists "Lord God Bird" as folk name for this species
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{{DEFAULTSORT:Woodpecker, Pileated}}
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[[Category:Woodpeckers]]
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[[Category:Birds of Canada]]
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[[Category:Birds of the United States]]
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[[da:Amerikansk sortspætte]]
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[[fr:Grand pic]]
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Revision as of 23:24, 21 March 2007

Dryocopus pileatus (Pileated Woodpecker)
Pileated Woodpecker
Range
White wing linings
Description
The Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus) is a very large North American woodpecker.

Adults (40-49 cm long, 250-350 g weight) are mainly black with a red crest and a white line down the sides of the throat. Adult males have a red line from the bill to the throat and red on the front of the crown. In adult females, these are black. They show white on the wings in flight. The only North American birds of similar plumage and size are the Ivory-billed Woodpecker of the Southeastern United States and Cuba, and the related Imperial Woodpecker of Mexico. Both of those species are extremely rare, if not extinct.

Their breeding habitat is forested areas with large trees across Canada, the eastern United States and parts of the Pacific coast. They usually excavate large nests in the cavities of dead trees, and often excavates a new home each year, creating habitat for other large cavity nesters.

This bird is usually a permanent resident.

These birds mainly eat insects (especially beetle larvae and carpenter ants) as well as fruits, berries and nuts. They often chip out large and roughly rectangular holes in trees while searching out insects.

The call is a wild laugh, similar to the Northern Flicker. Its drumming can be very loud, often sounding like someone striking a tree with a hammer. This bird favors mature forests, but has adapted to use second-growth stands and heavily wooded parks as well.

  • The pileated woodpecker is also commonly known in the south as an "Indian Hen"
  • The roost of a Pileated Woodpecker usually has multiple entrance holes.
  • The sound that a Pileated Woodpecker makes when boring a hole in a tree is so loud that it can be heard over long distances.
  • Pileated Woodpeckers make such large holes in dead trees that sometimes the holes can cause a small tree to break in half.
  • Pileated Woodpeckers have been observed to move their eggs which have fallen off the nest to another site. This is a rare habit in other birds.