Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Nature/Climate Science

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Climate Science
North American Division

Nature
See also Climate Science - Advanced

Skill Level 2
Year of Introduction: 2019


Contents

Contents

Earning this honor meets a requirement for:


1. What is climatology?

Climatology or climate science is the scientific study of Earth’s weather patterns, as well as the weather systems that cause them. It is often referenced as a branch of atmospheric science.

2. Research and create a graph showing the trends in temperature changes during the last 1,000 years by century.

3. Briefly describe the following terms as they relate to climate science and its impact on the environment:

a. Climate change

Climate change can be described as a long term alteration as it relates to the Earth’s climate.

b. Greenhouse gases

A greenhouse gas is a chemical compound found in the atmosphere of the Earth. Such gases contribute to the greenhouse effect by absorbing infrared radiation which normally escapes Earth’s atmosphere.

c. Fossil fuels

Fossil fuels are natural fuels such as coal, natural gas, or crude oil that are formed by the decomposition/remains of living things. By burning such fuels, we contribute to the addition of heat trapping gases found in Earth’s atmosphere.

d. Habitat

A situation where and event causes a once livable environment for plants and animals to become unsuitable for living.

e. Carbon dioxide (CO2)

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a naturally present gas in air that is colorless and odorless. It is absorbed by plant and animals by means of photosynthesis, and exhaled by humans.

f. Emissions

Emissions are the releasing of greenhouse gases into the air. This process can be achieved by burning fossil fuels, melting permafrost, or industrial level agriculture. Such gasses cause heat to be trapped in the atmosphere, which as a result increases the overall temperature of the Earth.

g. Sea-level rise

Sea-level rise is caused by the melting of land ice and glaciers into the ocean. In addition, as water temperatures rise, it begins to expand. These two events can pose a danger to communities that live near coastal waters.

h. Geoengineering

Geoengineering is a term often used to reference climate engineering; the deliberate wide-ranging intervention in the Earth’s climate system, in order to stabilize the effects of global warming.

i. Deforestation

Deforestation is the removal of a forest or a selected are of trees from land which is then converted to a non-forest use.

4. Discuss what type of education is required for a career related to climate science.

At minimum, an undergraduate degree is required in order to begin a successful path in any climate science field. A strong understanding of weather, the environment, or resource conservation is required. This may include substantial coursework in biology, chemistry, physics, advanced mathematics, or life sciences, just to name a few.

5. Identify and define at least 10 climate science career disciplines.

  • Environmental Scientist & Engineers
  • Water Scientist & Engineers
  • Green Building Engineers
  • Soil and Plant Scientist
  • Animal Scientist
  • Food Scientist & Technologist
  • Hydrologist
  • Climatologist
  • Forest Management
  • Recycling & Waste Management
  • Electrical Vehicle Manufacturing
  • Atmospheric Scientist
  • Climate Change Analyst
  • Cyrosphere Scientist

6. With another person or as a group, discuss the biblical context of the following texts as it relates to our responsibility to care for our environment:

a. Genesis 2:15

Genesis 2:15 (NKJV)
Then the Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to tend and keep it.


b. Numbers 35:33-34

Numbers 35:33-34 (NKJV)
So you shall not pollute the land where you are; for blood defiles the land, and no atonement can be made for the land, for the blood that is shed on it, except by the blood of him who shed it. Therefore do not defile the land which you inhabit, in the midst of which I dwell; for I the Lord dwell among the children of Israel.’ ”


c. Ezekiel 34:18

Ezekiel 34:18 (NKJV)
Is it too little for you to have eaten up the good pasture, that you must tread down with your feet the residue of your pasture—and to have drunk of the clear waters, that you must foul the residue with your feet?


d. Jeremiah 2:7

Jeremiah 2:7 (NKJV)
I brought you into a bountiful country,

To eat its fruit and its goodness.
But when you entered, you defiled My land
And made My heritage an abomination.


7. Research and discuss some concerns of changing weather patterns that have been highlighted by climatologists as they relate to rising global temperatures.

  • Melting ice caps – polar regions of Earth are melting
  • Rising sea levels – a result of melted ice and glaciers
  • Stronger storms - Due to warmer water temperatures, we have more frequent and stronger storms sometimes forming into hurricanes.
  • Rising earth surface temperatures – hotter than normal days, extending into normally colder seasons
  • Polluted air – as a results of ground level ozone from cars and factories alike

8. With reference to the graph created in question 2, show there have been changes in the climate in the past based on the following factors:

a. Natural factors that change climate

b. Human factors that change climate

9. Based on your research of current events concerning climate science, discuss its impact and effects on wildlife and marine life.

a. Wildlife

Most plants and animals dwell in areas where its ecosystem plays a major part in sustaining their habitat. Alterations to their environment such as warmer temperatures or shifts in rainfall patterns could potentially force its inhabitants either to relocate, adapt to their new environment, or into extinction.

b. Marine life

Changed in the Earth’s climate has caused crucial alterations in the behavior and atmosphere of marine life environments. The rising of seawater levels, warmer water temperatures, altering weather patterns, as well as current shifts have all contributed to the overall changes in the ecosystem, impacting marine life in the process.

10. Individually or as a group, create one of the following poster illustrations:

a. Create an environmental poster that shows how changes in Earth’s climate can affect ecosystems locally and globally.

b. Create a poster that illustrates an El Niño vs. a La Niña and their impacts on the Earth’s climate.

c. Create a poster that illustrates the human impact on climate change and describes methods to reverse those effects.

11. Individually or as a group, complete one of the following:

a. Create a detailed, relevant plan for a rain garden at your church, home or within your community. Submit your plans and a budget to the appropriate persons for review. Prepare and give an oral presentation to a group on your plan.

b. Visit a local environmental impact region and evaluate how it might positively affect the climate.

12. With another person or as a group, discuss each of the following open-ended questions from a Christian perspective. The objective is to provide justification for your response as it pertains to our roles as conscientious Christian inhabitants of the environment.

a. How should Christians view climate change?

b. As Christians, do we have a greater responsibility to maintain a healthy global environment?

Based on your responses, develop a plan designed to incorporate your ideas into an effective project for your church or community. Prepare to give an oral presentation on your findings and the actions that have been taken.

13. There is passionate discussion about the concept of global warming which is a climate change event. What is your point of view on the subject? Please give three reasons that help you form your point of view.

References