Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Nature/Meteorites

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Meteorites
General Conference

Nature

Skill Level 2
Year of Introduction: 2014


Contents


1. Prerequisite: Earn the Rocks and Minerals honor.

This Wiki has a page with instructions and tips for earning the Rocks & Minerals honor.


2. What is a meteorite?

A meteorite is a solid piece of debris from asteroids or comets originating in outer space that survives impact with the Earth's atmosphere and surface. A meteorite's size can range from a small pebble to extremely large. When a meteoroid enters the atmosphere, frictional, pressure, and chemical interactions with the atmospheric gases cause the body to heat up, and emit light, thus forming a fireball, also known as a meteor or shooting or falling star.

3. Explain the difference between a meteorite fall and a find.

Meteorites that are recovered after being observed as they transited the atmosphere or impacted the Earth are called falls. All other meteorites are known as finds.

4. Explain how meteorites are named.

Meteorites are usually named by the finder(s) for the places they were found, usually a nearby town or geographic feature. In cases where many meteorites were found in one place, the name may be followed by a number or letter.

5. Describe a hypervelocity crater.

A hypervelocity crater is an approximately circular depression on the surface of a planet, moon or other solid body in the Solar System, formed by the high velocity impact of a smaller body with the surface.

Large meteoroids may strike the ground with a significant velocity, leaving behind a hypervelocity impact crater. The size of the crater will depend on the composition, degree of fragmentation, and the incoming angle of the meteorite impact. The force of such collisions has the potential to cause widespread destruction. The most frequent hypervelocity cratering events on the Earth are caused by iron meteoroids, which are most easily able to transit the atmosphere intact. Examples of craters caused by iron meteoroids include Barringer Meteor Crater, Odessa Meteor Crater, Wabar craters, and Wolfe Creek crater.

6. Identify from images, draw, or photograph the following types of Meteorites. Describe the common shape, size, composition, and method of formation of each type of meteorite.



a. Chondrites/achondrites

Chondrite

Most meteorites are stony meteorites, classed as chondrites and achondrites. About 87% of the meteorites that fall on Earth are chondrites, which are named for the small, round particles they contain. These particles, or chondrules, are composed mostly of silicate minerals that appear to have been melted while they were free-floating objects in space.

b. Achondrites

An eucrite achondrite from the Millbillillie meteorite shower.

About 8% of the meteorites that fall on Earth are achondrites (meaning they do not contain chondrules), some of which are similar to terrestrial igneous rocks.

c. Iron meteorites

Tamentit Iron Meteorite, found in 1864 in the Sahara Desert, weight about 500 kg. On display at Vulcania park in France.

About 5% of meteorites that fall are iron meteorites with intergrowths of iron-nickel alloys, such as kamacite and taenite.

7. Identify and classify three notable meteorites, including one found in your country. These may include such named meteorites as Hoba, Willamette, and Allende. What makes each of your chosen meteorites notable?

8. Identify 7 Bible mentions of a meteorite or fiery rock falling from heaven (“stars,” “large stone,” “hailstone” and “brimstone” are common Biblical terms for meteorites). Discuss or describe why you think the Bible mentions meteorites.

Revelation 6:13
And the stars in the sky fell to earth, as late figs drop from a fig tree by a strong wind.


Revelation 8:10
And a great star, blazing like a torch, fell from the sky.


Rvelation 16:21
From the sky huge hailstones of about a hundred pounds each fell upon men.


Revelation 8:8
And something like a huge mountain, all ablaze, was thrown into the sea.


Revelation 9:1
5. The fifth angel sounded his trumpet, and I saw a star that had fallen from the sky to the earth.


Matthew 24:29
The stars will fall from the sky, and the heavenly bodies will be shaken.


Joshua 10:11
The Lord hurled large hailstones down on them from the sky.


Revelation 12:4
His tail swept a third of the stars out of the sky and flung them to earth.


Revelation 18:21
Then a mighty angel picked up a boulder the size of a large millstone and threw it into the sea.


Mark 13:25
The stars will fall from the sky, and the heavenly bodies will be shaken.


Daniel 2:34
While you were watching, a rock was cut out, but not by human hands. It struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay and smashed them.


Genesis 19:24
Then the LORD rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire from the LORD out of heaven.


9. Do two of the following:

a. Visit a local museum and identify meteorites that have been gathered form different locations around the world.

b. Have a local rockhound/meteorite collector visit your group and present meteorites he/she has collected.

c. Create a display of 10 photos and information about meteorites including significant information learned in this honor.

d. Create a table game that assists others in learning about meteorites. You may model the game after popular card or board games.

References