Especialidades JA/Camuflaje animal/Respuestas

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Camuflaje animal

Nivel de destreza

1

Año

2015

Version

29.11.2022

Autoridad de aprobación

División Norteamericana

Animal Camouflage AY Honor.png
Camuflaje animal
Estudio de la naturaleza
Nivel de destreza
123
Autoridad de aprobación
División Norteamericana
Año de introducción
2015
Vea también


1

Definir los siguientes términos en relación con los animales escondidos en la naturaleza.



1a

Camuflaje



1b

Adaptación

Adaptation is how the animal stays alive so it can find food, escape danger, defend themselves, and their young, adjust their bodies to hot or cold temperatures or loss of habitat. The ability to hide itself from predator and prey because of behavioral or physical characteristics of an animal example: holding still like a log so an alligator is not spotted, the opossum playing dead, The armadillo that rolls up into a ball, having a tail that breaks off as in the gecko, having a tail look like it’s head as in the rubber boa. Long legs and sharp beaks of birds, the Mountain goat’s foot, the Camel’s ability to go without water for long periods. Adaptation can also refer to color changes from season to season as in the snowshoe hare, Arctic Fox, Adaptation is the ability to store food within their bodies like bears do for hibernations, the fur on a fox’s tail is thick in winter to provide extra warmth and prevent it from freezing, Blubber on Walrus. Body parts such as the large ears of the Fennec Fox allow heat to escape its body and help it stay cool; the darkling beetle tilts its body forward and allows the dew droplets on its back to fall into its mouth. Adaptation to dark such as bats, moles, and fish that live deep in the ocean.


2

Explicar el propósito del camuflaje animal.

Camouflage protects the animal from predators and helps predators to hunt without being seen. Camouflage is a way to protect the young animals from being seen so they might grow up.

3

Describir y dar un ejemplo de cada uno de los siguientes tipos de camuflaje animal:

3a

Coloración protectora o de ocultación

Concealing coloration is an animal's ability to use color to hide its presence by visually blending into its surroundings.

  • Deer: deer species are often two toned, with a lighter underside that helps them blend into the landscape. It is often hard to spot a deer that is not moving.
  • Sharks and dolphins: some species are dark on top and light on the bottom. From the top the shark blends with the dark water, but viewed from the bottom the shark does not contrast so much with the light filtering down from the sun. This helps them reduce being spotted by predator and prey.
  • Snowshoe Hare: they turn white during the winter to blend in with the snow.
  • Octopi:
  • Chameleon: they adapt their color to the surrounding background.

3b

Disfraz

Animals looking like or imitating other animals that their enemies would overlook or never eat. This can be easily confused with concealing coloration because, though the animal does blend in with its background, there is more to it than that. In disguise camouflage, the animal has the shape and color of something else. The Leafy Sea Dragon avoids notice by camouflaging itself as a piece of seaweed. The Javanese leaf insect is an amazing imitation of a real leaf. The Thorn bugs look like thorns on a rose plant. The Stick insect looks like a stick.

3c

Mimetismo

In mimicry camouflage, an animal looks like some other animal as a form of protection.

Jumping Spider
Clearwing Moth
Cockroach
King snake

3d

Coloración disruptiva

In disruptive coloration, spots, strips or even patches are used to conceal an animal’s presence.

Zebra
Tiger
Fawn


4

Hacer tres de los siguientes proyectos:

This honor offers a wide variety of ways to explore the topic independently in various learning styles that different Pathfinders will enjoy. Encourage creativity and digging deeper for the how and why of different animal camouflage strategies. We suggest looking at the Advanced Honor for additional ideas and information that can be included to make your projects more interesting.

4a

Crear un juego basado en el camuflaje animal y jugarlo con un grupo.

4b

Escribir y contar un cuento para niños con un tema de camuflaje animal.

Get a requirement done for the Christian Storytelling honor while you do this. Also see the last requirement for a good idea to incorporate a spiritual message into the story.

4c

Crear un cartel o exhibición mostrando al menos cuatro entornos diferentes con animales que pueden estar camufladas en cada uno.

4d

Crear una exhibición de fotografías que haya tomado o dibujado de cinco animales distintos en camuflaje.

These should be your pictures, perhaps taken during the zoo visit or out in nature, not some photos you found on the internet.

4e

Pasar un mínimo de media hora observando un animal que usa el camuflaje (en su entorno natural, si es posible) y escribir un informe acerca de sus observaciones.

While this is ideally done in a natural environment, you will be able to observe many animals, reptiles and other creatires that use camouflage by visiting a zoo. While at the zoo you can take pictures, video, and gather useful information for completing several of the other optional projects in this honor.

Si piensa visitar un zoológico o acuario, tenga en cuenta que hay varias especialidades que tienen requisitos que se pueden cumplir visitando un zoológico o acuario. Los individuos pueden trabajar en varias especialidades en una visita, o partes de su grupo pueden trabajar en diferentes especialidades durante la misma visita.

Aquí hay una lista de especialidades que tienen requisitos que se pueden cumplir visitando un zoológico o acuario:

Animales nocivos

Animales venenosos

Bosques templados caducifolios

Creacionismo

Dunas

Especies en peligro de extinción

La Creación

Mamíferos marinos

Marsupialws

Migración

Océanos

Pantanos y ciénagas

Pesca isleña

Selvas pluviales

Taiga

Tiburones

4f

Crear un libro de niños con ilustraciones acerca del camuflaje animal.

For a very professional looking book you could use a photobook creation website. Put your book together and then order it. What a nice keepsake of your honor completion.

4g

Participar en un panel de discusión acerca del uso del camuflaje animal dando ejemplos y detalles específicos y el tipo de ocultación que usa.

This option is only meaningful if you prepare ahead of time. No one wants to listen to an uninformed person on an 'expert' panel. One way to do this is assign a broad habitat (desert, jungle, plains) for each panel member to research, then have a moderator ask questions about types of camo and classes of animals. The panel members each then discuss examples of how that type of camouflage is used in the assigned habitat or how various animals have been designed to fit into the environment. It is perfectly acceptable and perhaps preferred to prewrite the questions and give them to the panel members before they do the research. Panel members might prepare photos to project or display (fulfilling other options too) during the discussion.

4h

Crear un modelo a escala con un animal y su hábitat mostrando cómo se puede esconder en la naturaleza.

4i

Hacer un álbum de recortes de los cuatro tipos de camuflaje animal (ver #3) y fotografías de cinco animales en cada uno de esos tipos.

Some Pathfinders combine this requirement with the Scrapbooking honor requirements helping to earn two honors at once for the project.

4j

Usando multimedia, crear una presentación acerca del camuflaje animal.

This is a great opportunity to complete one of the requirements in the Computers - Advanced honor. You might use photos you took during a zoo visit.

4k

Crear su propio proyecto (someterlo para aprobación de su director del club antes de comenzar).

The project should require effort at least equal to the other options. A small website or several good blog posts might be a good example.


5

Descubrir cómo Satanás usa los disfraces para engañar a la gente acerca del plan de redención de Cristo. Incluir los siguientes pasajes en su discusión. Mostrar sus hallazgos en un drama, obra o espectáculo de títeres.

5a

Génesis 3 (la tentación en el jardín)

5b

Capítulos 2 y 3 de Historia de los Patriarcas y Profetas

You can read chapter 2 online here and chapter 3 here, or get the book in any SDA church or school library.

You might want to work on the Christian Drama or Puppetry honor while doing this requirement. The spiritual topic is also excellent to work in to the children's story and some of the other optional projects above.