Difference between revisions of "AY Honors/Insect/Mecoptera"

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{{Taxobox
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{{Species id
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| common_name = Scorpionflies
 
| image = Bittacidae_fg1.jpg
 
| image = Bittacidae_fg1.jpg
| image_width = 250px
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| latin_name = Mecoptera
| image_caption = Bittacidae species from Australia
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| order = '''Mecoptera'''
| name = Mecoptera
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| description =
| fossil_range = [[Permian]] to present
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'''Mecoptera''' (from the Greek: ''meco-'' = "long", ''ptera-'' = "wings") are an order of insects with about 550 species in nine families worldwide. The Bittacidae, or '''hangingflies''', are a prominent family of elongate insects known for their elaborate mating rituals, in which females choose mates based on the quality of gift prey offered by various males.
| regnum = [[Animal]]ia
 
| phylum = [[Arthropod]]a
 
| classis = [[Insect]]a
 
| superordo = [[Endopterygota]]
 
| ordo = '''Mecoptera'''
 
| ordo_authority = Hyatt &amp; Arms, 1891
 
| subdivision_ranks = Families
 
| subdivision =
 
* [[Apteropanorpidae]]
 
* [[Bittacidae]] (hangingflies)
 
* [[Boreidae]] (snow scorpionflies)
 
* [[Choristidae]]
 
* †[[Dinopanorpidae]]
 
* [[Eomeropidae]]
 
* [[Meropeidae]] (earwigflies)
 
* [[Nannochoristidae]]
 
* [[Panorpidae]] (common scorpionflies)
 
* [[Panorpodidae]] (short-faced scorpionflies)
 
 
}}
 
}}
  
'''Mecoptera''' (from the [[Greek language|Greek]]: ''meco-'' = "long", ''ptera-'' = "wings") are an order of [[insect]]s with about 550 species in nine families worldwide.  Mecoptera are sometimes called '''[[Scorpionfly|scorpionflies]]''' after their largest non-flea family, [[Panorpidae]], in which the males have enlarged genitals that look similar to the stinger of a [[scorpion]].  The [[Bittacidae]], or '''hangingflies''', are a prominent family of elongate insects known for their elaborate mating rituals, in which females choose mates based on the quality of gift prey offered by various males.
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[[Category:Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book|{{SUBPAGENAME}}]]
Recent [[DNA]] evidence{{Fact|date=February 2007}} indicates that [[flea]]s, which are traditionally considered an order as well (Order [[Siphonaptera]]), are instead highly specialized Mecoptera. <!-- There is some morphological evidence for the grouping of Siphonaptera and Mecoptera [[Boreidae]]. [there is at least one word missing here] Two [[synapomorphy|synapomorphies]] are the production of [[resilin]], a very flexible and springy type of cuticle, and a reversion to [[panoistic ovariole]]s. --> Grouped together with the fleas, Mecoptera would have about 3000 species.
 
 
 
Mecoptera have a special importance in evolution of Insecta. Two of the most important insect orders, [[Lepidoptera]] and [[Diptera]], along with [[Trichoptera]], evolved from ancestors belonging to or strictly related to Mecoptera.
 
 
 
<gallery>
 
Image:Panorpa communis with prey I.jpg|''Panorpa cognata'' female with prey
 
Image:Panorpa communis V.jpg|''Panorpa cognata'' male
 
Image:Detail of Panorpa communis.jpg|Detail of head
 
Image:Dinokanaga andersoni holotype SR 01-06-01.jpg|Dinokanaga andersoni Forewing
 
</gallery>
 
 
==References==
 
*{{cite book|author=[[David Grimaldi|Grimaldi, D.]] and [[Michael S. Engel|Engel, M.S.]] |title=Evolution of the Insects|year=[[2005]]|publisher=[[Cambridge University Press]]|id=ISBN 0-521-82149-5}}
 
* {{cite journal |author=Whiting, M. F. |title=Mecoptera is paraphyletic: multiple genes and phylogeny of Mecoptera and Siphonaptera | year = 2002 | journal = [[Zoologica Scripta]] |volume = 31 | issue = 1 | pages = 93 |url=http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/servlet/useragent?func=synergy&synergyAction=showAbstract&doi=10.1046/j.0300-3256.2001.00095.x}}
 
* {{cite journal |author=Archibald, S.B. |title= New Dinopanorpida (Insecta: Mecoptera) from the Eocene Okanogan Highlands (British Columbia, Canada and Washington State, USA) |Year=2005 || journal = [[Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences]] |volume = 4 | issue = 2| pages =119-136}}
 
 
 
==External links==
 
* [http://tolweb.org/tree?group=Mecoptera&contgroup=Endopterygota Mecoptera at the Tree of Life]
 
* [http://www.myrmecos.net/insects/mecoptera.html Mecoptera image gallery at myrmecos.net]
 
 
 
[[Category:Insects]]
 
[[Category:Mecoptera| ]]
 
  
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[[it:Mecoptera]]
 
[[ka:ბუზმორიელები]]
 
[[lt:Skorpionmusės]]
 
[[hu:Csőrösrovarok]]
 
[[nl:Mecoptera]]
 
[[ja:シリアゲムシ目]]
 
[[no:Skorpionfluer]]
 
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[[uk:Скорпіонові мухи]]
 
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Latest revision as of 15:35, 8 September 2021


Mecoptera

Mecoptera

Scorpionflies (Mecoptera)

Order: Mecoptera

Description: Mecoptera (from the Greek: meco- = "long", ptera- = "wings") are an order of insects with about 550 species in nine families worldwide. The Bittacidae, or hangingflies, are a prominent family of elongate insects known for their elaborate mating rituals, in which females choose mates based on the quality of gift prey offered by various males.