|The NAD Team has come up with a list of honors that can possibly be earned at home during the COVID-19 shut-down.|
Check it out!
El liderazgo de la División Norteamericana he creado una lista de especialidades que posiblemente se pueden desarrollar en casa durante la cuarentena del COVID-19.
Libro de Respuestas de Especialidades JA/Recreación/Ciclismo - Avanzado
|Cycling - Advanced|
| North American Division
|| Skill Level 2
Year of Introduction: 1976
- 1 1. Tener la especialidad de Ciclismo.
- 2 2. Describe how to select the correct frame size, handlebar, and saddle height to fit one's body size.
- 3 3. Describe briefly all the desirable features of a bicycle used for long distance touring.
- 4 4. Take apart, clean, and reassemble the bearings in the front and rear wheels, head-set, and bottom brackets.
- 5 5. Explicar y demostrar el significado de «BCD» en lo que se refiere a los platos y bielas.
- 6 6. Select the crank and rear sprocket combination that would give the best results under the following conditions:
- 7 7. Explicar cómo las características de montar una bicicleta se ven afectadas por:
- 7.1 a. The geometry of the bicycle frame including:
- 7.2 b. La clase de ruedas utilizadas, incluyendo:
- 8 8. Make a list of desirable equipment items to be taken on a multi-day bicycle tour, including shelter and cooking equipment.
- 9 9. Review courtesy and safety rules used while bicycling. What are the rules for the road for cyclists in your local area?
- 10 10. ¿Cuáles son las ventajas de aprovechar la corriente de aire? Conocer la forma segura y adecuada de hacerlo.
- 11 11. Conocer las diferentes prendas de vestir y equipos de seguridad utilizados en el ciclismo y las ventajas de cada uno.
- 12 12. Hacer una lista de las comprobaciones de mantenimiento necesarias antes de realizar un viaje de 100 millas (160 km), incluyendo elementos como:
- 13 13. Develop a plan that involves hydration and nutrition that you will use before, during, and after a ride.
- 14 14. Have the following riding record while working on this honor:
- 15 15. Evaluar el viaje de 75 millas (120 km) o el viaje de 100 millas (160 km). Responder preguntas como:
- 15.1 a. What were high/low points of the ride?
- 15.2 b. What parts of your preparation helped you succeed? What could you have better prepared for?
- 15.3 c. ¿Cuándo casi se rindió? ¿Por qué?
- 15.4 d. How did your hydration and nutrition plan work during your ride? What was most helpful? What would you change about your plan next time?
- 15.5 e. What would you do differently next time?
- 16 References
Earning this honor meets a requirement for:
|Los requisitos a continuación son para la División Norteamericana . Esta especialidad tiene diferentes requisitos para la Asociación General .|
La especialidad de Ciclismo - Avanzado es un componente de la Maestría Deportista.
1. Tener la especialidad de Ciclismo.
Véase Ciclismo para consejos e instrucciones.
2. Describe how to select the correct frame size, handlebar, and saddle height to fit one's body size.
3. Describe briefly all the desirable features of a bicycle used for long distance touring.
5. Explicar y demostrar el significado de «BCD» en lo que se refiere a los platos y bielas.
6. Select the crank and rear sprocket combination that would give the best results under the following conditions:
a. Riding in hilly terrain
Shimano/Sram combinations: a. Crank: (sub-compact) 50/34 Rear: (amateur) 11-28 b. Crank: (mid-compact) 52/36 Rear: 12-27 c. Crank: (full-size) 53/39 Rear: 12-25 Note: The most common combinations are given for the rear cassette. There are other combinations that might be more applicable to your bike, experience, weight, and other factors.
b. Touring with packs on the bicycle
c. Montar en un terreno nivel
7. Explicar cómo las características de montar una bicicleta se ven afectadas por:
a. The geometry of the bicycle frame including:
(1) Head and seat tube angles
Aerodynamic features. All can be changed so that the rider can ride with less wind resistance.
(2) Fork rake
Some people mistakenly believe that fork rake is the distance the front wheel is offset from an imaginary line extending through and parallel to the headtube. Technically, this is better termed "offset." Road racing and touring forks usually have a curve in the fork blade itself, while suspension forks have a curved fork crown (holds the fork legs and shocks to the steerer tube).
(3) Chain stay length
iv. Altura del soporte inferior
(5) Wheel base length
b. La clase de ruedas utilizadas, incluyendo:
i. Neumáticos tubulares
ii. Número de radios utilizados en cada rueda
(3) Number of spokes each spoke crosses
The number each spoke crosses varies based on the number of spokes. Thus, this is less aerodynamic the more crosses take place because this means a heavier rider is riding on a heavier wheel.
8. Make a list of desirable equipment items to be taken on a multi-day bicycle tour, including shelter and cooking equipment.
There are two types of multi-day tours. Supported, and Self-supported.
9. Review courtesy and safety rules used while bicycling. What are the rules for the road for cyclists in your local area?
The following is from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (and therefore free to reprint and reuse)
Wear a Properly Fitted Bicycle Helmet. Protect your brain, save your life. For more information see the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration publication “Easy Steps to Properly Fit a Bicycle Helmet.”
Check Your Equipment. Before riding, inflate tires properly and check that your brakes work.
See and Be Seen. Whether daytime, dawn, dusk, foul weather, or at night, you need to be seen by others. Wearing white has not been shown to make you more visible. Rather, always wear neon, fluorescent, or other bright colors when riding day or night. Also wear something that reflects light, such as reflective tape or markings, or flashing lights. Remember, just because you can see a driver doesn’t mean the driver can see you.
Watch for and Avoid Road Hazards. Be on the lookout for hazards such as potholes, broken glass, gravel, puddles, leaves, and dogs. All these hazards can cause a crash. If you are riding with friends and you are in the lead, yell out and point to the hazard to alert the riders behind you.
Avoid Riding at Night. It is far more dangerous to ride at night than during the day because you are harder for others to see. If you have to ride at night, wear something that makes you more easily seen by others. Make sure you have reflectors on the front and rear of your bicycle (white lights on the front and red rear reflectors are required by law in many States), in addition to reflectors on your tires, so others can see you. Many bicycle-related crashes resulting in injury or death are associated with the bicyclist’s behavior, including such things as not wearing a bicycle helmet, riding into a street without stopping, turning left or swerving into traffic that is coming from behind, running a stop sign, and riding the wrong way in traffic. To maximize your safety, always wear a helmet AND follow the rules of the road.
Rules of the Road – Bicycling on the Road
Yield to Traffic When Appropriate. Almost always, drivers on a smaller road must yield (wait) for traffic on a major or larger road. If there is no stop sign or traffic signal and you are coming from a smaller roadway (out of a driveway, from a sidewalk, a bike path, etc.), you must slow down and look to see if the way is clear before proceeding. This also means yielding to pedestrians who have already entered a crosswalk.
Be Predictable. Ride in a straight line, not in and out of cars. Signal your moves to others.
Look Before Turning. When turning left or right, always look behind you for a break in traffic, then signal before making the turn. Watch for left- or right-turning traffic.
Watch for Parked Cars. Ride far enough out from the curb to avoid the unexpected from parked cars (like doors opening, or cars pulling out).
Sidewalk versus Street Riding
The safest place for bicycle riding is on the street, where bicycles are expected to follow the same rules of the road as motorists and ride in the same direction.
- Children less than 10 years old, however, are not mature enough to make the decisions necessary to safely ride in the street.
For anyone riding on a sidewalk:
- Check the law in your State or jurisdiction to make sure sidewalk riding is allowed.
- Stop at corners of sidewalks and streets to look for cars and to make sure the drivers see you before crossing.
For more information on bicycle safety, visit the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Web site at: www.nhtsa.dot.gov
10. ¿Cuáles son las ventajas de aprovechar la corriente de aire? Conocer la forma segura y adecuada de hacerlo.
In cycling, the main (largest) group of tightly packed cyclists in a race is called a peloton, while cyclists riding in straight-line formation, each (but the first) drafting behind the one in front of him, is called a pace line.
Drafting can be cooperative, in which several competitors take turns in the lead position (which requires the most effort and energy consumption). Or, it can be competitive or tactical, where one competitor will try to stay closely behind another leaving him or her more energy for a break-away push to the finish line.
11. Conocer las diferentes prendas de vestir y equipos de seguridad utilizados en el ciclismo y las ventajas de cada uno.
General safety equipment which is not required, but used by some cyclists includes:
- Mirrors - these attach to the handlebars or rider's helmet for seeing cars/cyclists behind. These can be important for commuters, bicycle messengers, or those cycling in urban/suburban environments.
- Bells - mountain bikers on hidden single-track trails, or cyclists in busy areas may use handle-bar mounted, finger-activated bells to warn of approach.
Riding at night has it's own safety requirements:
- Front and rear lights - these are required in some locales after sunset.
- Reflectors - mounted on wheels, pedals, frame, seatpost or handlebars are the most common.
- Reflective clothing - many makers of cycling clothing integrate reflective tape or strips on shoes, pants/shorts, shirts/jackets or helmets.