AY Honor Aviators Answer Key

From Pathfinder Wiki
< AY Honors‎ | AviatorsAY Honors/Aviators/Answer Key
Other languages:
English • ‎español
Aviators

Skill Level

2

Year

2015

Version

03.02.2023

Approval authority

North American Division

Aviators AY Honor.png
Aviators
Vocational
Skill Level
123
Approval authority
North American Division
Year of Introduction
2015


1

Identify, with real aircraft, the five categories of aircraft and the different classes within each category.



1a

Airplanes



1ai

Single-engine, land



1aii

Multi-engine land



1aiii

Single-engine sea



1aiv

Multi-engine sea



1b

Rotor-craft



1bi

Helicopter



1bii

Gyro plane



1c

Glider



1d

Powered lift



1e

Lighter than air



1ei

Balloon



1eii

Airship




2

Be involved in an interactive discussion that explores the following:



2a

Bernoulli’s principle and how it applies to airplanes



2b

The four forces of flight and how each affects the flight of an airplane.



2c

Three types of aircraft and their uses in aviation today.



2d

The three principal axes of an airplane. Demonstrate the type of movement the aircraft does on each axis and what controls that movement.



2e

Different types of engines, wings, and other gear and their application/usage.




3

Correctly identify on a real plane the following exterior parts of an airplane.


We don't have a real plane in the Honor Wiki, but here is some guidance for when you are looking at the exterior of a real plane. A museum of flight with airplanes you can get inside of may be an easy place to meet this requirement. Study up on where the parts should be on the plane and what they should look like before you go, that way you can make all the correct identifications when you are there.

3a

Cowling or Nacelle



3b

Propeller



3c

Landing Gear



3d

Wing



3e

Flap



3f

Right Aileron



3g

Left Aileron



3h

Fuselage



3i

Empennage



3j

Horizontal Stabilizer



3k

Vertical Stabilizer



3l

Elevator



3m

Rudder




4

Correctly identify on a real plane the following parts of the interior of an airplane.


We don't have a real plane in the Honor Wiki, but here is some guidance for when you are looking at the interior a real plane.


4a

Altimeter



4b

Attitude Indicator



4c

Airspeed indicator



4d

Magnetic compass



4e

Heading Indicator



4f

Turn coordinator



4g

Vertical Speed indicator



4h

Yoke



4i

Brakes



4j

Rudder Pedals



4k

Throttle control



4l

Trim Control




5

Choose 3 historical figures in aviation who have had an impact on aviation history. Detail their role and importance in aviation history. Some possible figures include: Leonardo da Vinci, Daniel Bernoulli, Sir George Cayley, Otto Lilienthal, Gustave Whitehead, Octave Chanute, Orville & Wilbur Wright&, Glen Hammond Curtiss, or Amelia Earhart.


The requirement does not specify how to detail their role and importance, but a short written or oral report should suffice, although visual depictions, blog posts etc would also be acceptable. Here are links to the Wikipedia articles on each pioneer, which is a good starting point for further investigation:

  • Leonardo da Vinci: a man of diverse talents. He conceptualised flying machines like a helicopter that if built, would be pretty close to operational.
  • Daniel Bernoulli: Swiss math and physics pioneer born in 1700. His work in fluid dynamics established the science behind how a aircraft wing can get lift, over 100 years before the principles were successfully applied to flight.
  • Sir George Cayley an Englishman who in around 1799 made significant break throughs in aviation science. Designed first successful human glider. Discovered the four aerodynamic forces of flight weight, lift, drag, thrust and cambered wings, basis for the design of the modern airplane. Called the father of aviation by some.
  • Otto Lilienthal
  • Gustave Whitehead
  • Octave Chanute
  • Orville & Wilbur Wright,
  • Glen Hammond Curtiss
  • Amelia Earhart


6

Do one of the following:



6a

PREFERRED: Take an intro flight in an airplane and observe the different movements made by three different control surfaces. Record your observations.


The intent here to take a flight sitting beside or near the pilot in the cockpit, not as a passenger on a commercial jet where you learn very little about the process of flying an airplane. This is why the honor says "intro flight". There is likely going to be a fairly significant cost associated with this activity. An intro flight may spur or reinforce the Pathfinder's desire to explore aviation as a vocation or a hobby.


6b

(If an intro flight is not possible) Demonstrate and explain on the ground the different movements made by three different control surfaces. You may do this demonstration on a real aircraft or in a flight simulator.




7

Do one of the following:



7a

Interview a mission pilot or missionary who has used airplanes to help tell people about Jesus. As a result of your interview be able to:



i

List three ways God uses mission aviation to spread the gospel, based on the Great Commission of Matthew 28:18-20



ii

List three ways you as a Pathfinder can help our mission pilots




7b

Interview a commercial full-time pilot. As a result of your interview be able to:



i

List three ways pilots can share Jesus within their workplace, based on the Great Commission of Matthew 28:18-20



ii

List three ways you as a Pathfinder can share Jesus within a non-church environment.


As with other honors that require interviewing professionals, the following are good guidelines:

  • Make the appointment well in advance
  • Be prompt and don't waste the professional's time with foolishness
  • Be thankful they gave their time to talk to you
  • Be prepared with good questions, but be open to asking good spontaneous followup questions

Matthew 28:18-20

ADD Discussion





References

  1. The Wright brothers are one historical character