# AY Honors/Maple Sugar/Requirements

**1. What part of the world and time of year does the maple sugar industry function and why?
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**2. Explain how sweet sap is made by the Maple tree and how it is stored over the winter.
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**3. Identify the Sugar Maple tree by its bark and leaf.
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**4. How deep into a Maple tree does one drill for best results?
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**5. How long does it take for a healthy Maple tree tap's hole to heal?
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**6. How close to an old tap hole can a new tap hole be made?
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**7. How many taps can be made on a healthy Maple tree without injuring it?
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**a. 10 inch (25.4 cm) diameter tree**

**b. 12 inch (30.5 cm) diameter tree**

**c. 24 inch (61.0 cm) diameter tree**

**d. 36 inch (91.4 cm) diameter tree**

**8. Tell how maple sugar is made from maple syrup.
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**9. What is the ideal weather for sap to flow?
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**10. Does a Maple tree crown (limb & leaf area) affect the sap flow and sweetness?**

**11. On an average, how much sap is needed to produce one gallon of syrup?
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**12. Taste pure maple syrup or maple sugar.
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**13. Observe and explain what the following maple sugaring equipment is used for:
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**a. Drill**

**b. Bit**

**c. Spigot**

**d. Bucket**

**e. Bucket cover**

**f. Evaporator**