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Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Arts and Crafts/Painting

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General Conference

Arts and Crafts
See also Painting - Advanced

Skill Level 2
Year of Introduction: 2013

Earning this honor meets a requirement for:

The Drawing honor was created in 2013 when the NAD Honor Taskforce voted to expand and replace the Drawing and Painting honor with four new honors: Drawing, Drawing - Advanced, Painting, and Painting - Advanced. The new Painting honors adopted the insignia for the old Drawing and Paining honor, and the new Drawing honor received a new insignia.

1. Have the Basic Drawing Honor

This Wiki has a page with instructions and tips for earning the Drawing honor.

2. Create a Color wheel using crayon or color pencil. Include and understand:

a. Primary Colors


b. Secondary Colors


c. Tertiary Colors


d. Neutral Colors


e. Warm/Cool Colors

R,Y,O,YG // B,G,P,RV

f. Tints

any color + white

g. Shades

any color + black or it’s complement

h. Complementary colors

colors that are opposite each other on the color wheel.

3. Create a Value Scale of a warm and a cool color, using color pencil.

4. Name seven (7) color media.

  • Oil paint
  • Conte Crayon
  • Acylic paint
  • Guache
  • Water Color paint
  • Charcoals
  • Tempera paint
  • Inks
  • Color pencils
  • Crayon
  • Pastels -chalk and oil sticks

5. What is the difference between water based and oil-based paints? Name 2 of each type.

Water based paints: such as water colors, Acrylics and Tempera, have a water base and wash up with soap and water. Oil based paints: oil paint and oil pastels, have a base of oil and must use mineral spirits or turpentine to wash up brushes and tools.

6. What paint medium was made with egg yolk?


7. Define the following and tell how they are used:

a. Gesso
a medium painted on canvas before painting to seal the canvas and help the paint to spread and blend better.
b. Masking fluid (Miskit)
a substance painted on paper where you want it to stay white; then is erased.
c. Mineral Spirits/Turpentine
used for cleaning brushes of oil paint
d. Palette
a hard surface for laying out and mixing paint
e. Easel
an upright frame to hold canvas on for ease of painting; Supports what you paint on: paper, canvas, canvas board, Masonite board, glass, etc.

8. Describe what the following brushes are used for:


a. Rounds

under-painting, washes, rough lay-in, details

b. Flats

loose style, long flexible hairs carry large loads

c. Liner Brush

detail work

d. Fan Brush

soft blending, dry-brush blending, foliage, evergreens

e. Mop Brush

washes, dry brush blending, light body paint, watercolor and inks.

9. What is the best way to care for paint brushes?

Wash out under cool water until water runs clear. Shake out excess water and re-shape bristles. Allow to dry bristles up. For oil base paints do the same using mineral spirits or turpentine product instead of water.

10. Describe and be able to explain the difference between:

a. Realistic Art

Looks life-like and natural; easily recognize subject

b. Abstract Art

Not realistic, may or may not be recognizable

11. Know the difference and show examples of the following subject matter:

a. Portrait

A person and / or animal; usually head & shoulders

b. Landscape

Picture of the land, cityscape or seascape

c. Still Life

Non-living, not moving

d. Abstract

Not realistic, may or may not be recognizable

12. Draw and paint, in your choice of color media, a still life or floral subject.

13. Paint a landscape showing linear perspective.

14. Paint a portrait of a friend and/or favorite pet from a photo.

15. Memorize Psalms 19:1. Discuss how this text inspires your Artwork.

Psalm 19:1
“The heavens declare the glory of God; and the expanse proclaims His handiwork.”