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Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Vocational/Video - Advanced

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Video - Advanced
North American Division


Skill Level 2
Year of Introduction: 2020



1. Have the Video Honor.

This Wiki has a page with instructions and tips for earning the Video honor.

2. Describe the following media switcher terms and how they are used:

a. Fade

(in or out) OR fade to black: dissolving to or from black (begin & end of show; scene changes)

b. Dissolve

One camera slowly fades out while another fades in; some overlap; more dramatic effect

c. Wipe

Special effect in which a new picture comes in from a corner, top bottom sides, shapes, etc.

d. Super

(superimpose) when one picture (or graphic) appears on top of or at the same time as another picture. (for example: graphics may be superimposed over a shot.)

e. Split Screen

Cut the screen in half to allow for two camera shots at the same time (no overlapping)

3. Demonstrate how to operate a media switcher with a minimum of three input sources, two of which have to be cameras.

4. Define the following:

a. White Balance

Color temperature of the image. Setting depends on the lighting available.

b. Light Screen

A structure surrounding a vessel’s navigation light so as to shield the light from view at certain points of the compass as required.

c. Ambient Light

The light already present in a scene, before any additional lighting is added.

d. Media Switcher

A device that allows a person to mix several video/audio sources and some special effects to process video renditions.

e. Lighting Effects

Used to enhance a video dramatically by the appropriate amount of white and colored light.

f. Format

In television, the specific form of the signals that make up the video signal. For example, component versus composite format.

g. Frame

A complete video picture composed of two fields (two complete interlaced scans of the monitor screen). A frame consists of 525 interlaced horizontal lines of picture information in NTSC, 625 in PAL.

h. Input Selector

A routing switcher or auxiliary bus used to expand the number of video or key inputs that can feed an input of a digital picture manipulator or keyer. Many keyers only accept one key source and fill, but by connecting an input selector to those inputs, many more source and fill signals become available just by selecting cross points on the input selector.

i. Monitor

In video, a device that directly displays a video picture from a camera, videotape recorder, special-effects generator, or video switcher output. This is typically multiple screens, one for each of the inputs and one for the final monitoring display.

j. Media

An electrical signal that carries television picture information.

5. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of two different video file formats.

  • avi-Audio Video Interleave file
  • mov-Apple QuickTime Movie
  • mp4-MPEG-4 Video File
  • wmv-Windows Media formats
  • etc.

6. Describe the effects of lighting on a media production. How can lighting be adjusted to achieve the desired effects?

All video uses some sort of lighting, whether it be natural light (from the sun) or artificial lights. The goal of video lighting is to choose the best source(s) to achieve your goals.

First and foremost you need enough light. You must ensure that your camera is able to record an acceptable picture in the conditions. With modern cameras this is seldom a problem except in very low light or strong contrast.

Assuming you have enough light, you must then consider the quality of the light and how the various light sources combine to produce the image.

When moving between locations, think about what light source you are using. If you move from an outside setting to an inside one with artificial lights, the amount of light may seem the same but the color temperature will change according to the type of lights. In this case you need to white balance your camera for the new light source.

7. Identify these editing terms:

a. Non-Linear Editor

(NLE) Video editing software that does not affect the source media. Non-destructive editing. Examples: Sony Vegas, Avid, Adobe Premiere, Final Cut Pro.

b. Media

Video, graphics, and photos

c. Import

Bring media into the NLE

d. Timeline

The area in the NLE where the media is displayed in chronological order.

e. Split

Dividing the media into sections for editing in Sony Vegas

f. Cut/delete

Deleting portions of the media that have been split

g. Undo

The ability to undo an editing task

h. Transaction

A change from one shot to the next, examples: cut or crossfade

i. Insert Video Track

Adding a video track on top of another in the timeline

j. Title

Adding words to the timeline

k. Credit Roll

A type of scrolling title used for ending credits

l. Render

The process of calculating effects in a video editing program to produce final video output.

m. Resolution

The amount of detail in an image or signal. On a computer screen, the resolution is the number of pixels.

8. Using editing software, demonstrate how to edit the video produced for requirement 7, including title, credits, and video transition effects.

(ie: Imovie, Adobe Elements, Premier, Final Cut Pro, etc.)

9. Read Daniel 12:4 and Mark 16:15, and discuss how video can be used to increase knowledge and preach the gospel to all creation.

Daniel 12:4 (NKJV)
“But you, Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book until the time of the end; many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall increase.”

Mark 16:15 (NKJV)
And He said to them, "Go into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature."

When Daniel penned his text, he indicated that there would be an increase in knowledge. In order to witness “live” what was happening, one had to be “present.” Today, we can witness “live” events through multiple media.

We are now able to fulfill what Jesus said in Mark 16:15 by using media technology to reach places that Christians are forbidden to enter vía the Internet and satellite.

10. Create a 5-7 minutes media clip featuring multiple effects. Demonstrate panning, zooming, and selection of sources. Include a title and a credit roll. Show it in a public place, like church, social media or portable device.

11. Demonstrate how to import or upload the created video onto an online video source, social media, etc. Ask your church’s media director or webmaster for assistance.

Examples: www.youtube.com, www.facebook.com

Note: church websites would also be a great place to upload the videos.

Parent supervision/authorization may be needed if uploading to a public site where account creation is required.

Please note, short videos on how to upload video to YouTube. WikiHow: Upload a Video to YouTube

How to Upload Videos to YouTube (for Beginners)