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Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Recreation/Horsemanship

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General Conference

See also Horsemanship - Advanced

Skill Level 1
Year of Introduction: 1961



Earning this honor meets a requirement for:

(Instructor Required)

Note: All requirements should be completed in a safe environment with a gentle horse.

1. Label on an outline drawing of a horse, or point out on a live horse a minimum of 15 different parts of a horse.

Parts of a horse

2. Label on an outline drawing or point out on a real saddle and bridle: Western— minimum of 10 parts of the saddle and 6 parts of the bridle; English—minimum of 9 parts of the saddle and 7 parts of the bridle.


Western Saddle
  • Fork
  • Gullet
  • Latigo holder (or latigo holder)
  • Latigo
  • Front jockey
  • Front rigging dee
  • Fender
  • Hobble strap
  • Stirrup leather
  • Stirrup
  • Front cinch
  • Cinch connecting strap
  • Flank billet
  • Saddle strings
  • Horn
  • Seat
  • Back jockey
  • Kirt
  • Cantle
  • Seat jockey


  • Tree
  • Pannels
  • Gullet
  • Seat
  • Pommel
  • Cantle
  • Waist
  • Jockey
  • Knee roll
  • Thigh roll
  • Illet
  • Stirrup
  • Sweat flap

To do:
Add parts of the bridle and find or create more images

3. Demonstrate and explain the purpose of safety equipment while riding and work­ing around horses—riding helmet and boots (or hard soled shoes with a heel).

Protection of the head. If rider falls from horse, or struck by horse, a helmet will provide some protection if it properly worn. Rider must not be careless around the horse though.
Smooth bottom with heel. In the case the horse bolts and riders' foot slides forward in the stirrup, the heel of the boot will catch and prevent further entanglement.
Long pants
It is also a good idea to wear long pants when riding.

4. Demonstrate and explain a minimum of 5 rules to safely approach and lead a horse.

  1. Never approach a horse from the backside. A horse can not see you from straight behind and may startle and kick you. Approach from the side or front. Be sure it knows that you are there. If in a stall, knock on some wood softly or whistle, to let him know that you are there.
  2. Stand to the left side of the horse's head when leading - at the shoulder is too far back. Keep an arms distance away so the horse doesn't step on you.
  3. If the rope has a chain on the end, hold the rope below the chain. If you were to hold the chain and the horse pulls it through your hand, it can injure your hand. Hold the extra rope in the left hand, figure-eight style. Do not coil or loop the rope around your hand, you don't want to get tangled if the horse bolts.
  4. When turning right, lean or push into the horse, so it can't step on you as easily. To stop, pull back.
  5. Avoid excessively long lead ropes, you can become entangled in an emergency.
  6. Use a quick release knot when tying the horse. Never tie below the horses' withers. Tie to objects that are strong enough to hold if the horse pulls back.

5. Demonstrate and explain a minimum of 5 safety rules for working around horses.

  1. Never go around the back, unless you are at least 3 feet away, or you are very close with your hand on the horse's flank.
  2. Don't ride when there's lightning, because some horses can be spooked easily.
  3. Do not run around the horse.
  4. Don't wrap the reigns or lead rope around your hands because the horse may run and your hands can easily be hurt.
  5. Never go under the neck of a horse.
  6. Don't ride a horse in the barn.
  7. Never sit or kneel while grooming.
  8. If your horse bolts, turn it in a circle until the circle is small and the horse stops.
  9. Always use a quick release knot or a panic snap to tie your horse so you can release it quickly if needed.
  10. Always wear shoes with a heel while riding. No flip flops, or open-toed shoes. Cowboy boots are recommended.

6. Demonstrate and explain safe grooming of a horse using the 4 basic tools—mane and tail comb, curry comb, stiff brush, and soft brush.

7. Demonstrate a safe mount (including tack check) and dismount.

8. Demonstrate a balanced seat while riding at a walk, including circles and reverses.

9. Demonstrate and explain start, stop, circles and reverses using the 4 natural aids—legs, hands, voice, and weight.

10. Demonstrate and explain 5 trail safety rules, including the following:

a. Be attentive to leader and alert to danger.

Always pay attention. Remember that the horse plus you are much taller than just you are, so watch for overhead obstacles. Also the horse is bigger than just you, so you need to choose a path that the horse and you will fit through. Rough ground and rocks can cause the horse to trip and fall so be careful.

b. Use correct spacing.

When spacing, look between the horse's ears and you should be able to see the legs of the horse in front of you. If not, you are too close. If you are too close you will not be able to stop safely in an emergency.

c. Do not let your horse eat along the trail.

The bit will get all messy if that happens. Also, you don't know what grows along the trail and if it is good for your horse.

d. Never move faster than a walk on paved surfaces.

e. Always walk your horse when approaching or leaving a group of riders.

Walking your horse into a group, or when leaving the group, will reduce the chance of spooking other horses and causing other unintended consequences. Do NOT do like you see in the western movies and ride into a group at full speed.

f. Use correct position for hills and obstacles.

11. Ride on a trail for a minimum of 3 cumulative hours following all safety rules and using correct position.

The practical part of the honor, and the fun reason we are learning about horses.